By definition, separation anxiety is the disorder whereby one undergoes a period of intense anxiety attack because they have been separated from the people or places they have a strong bond with. This could be a parent, spouse, caregiver, a sibling or even a home one loves so much.
The separation anxiety or SAD can affect both children and adults. In particular, children are affected by the changes in their environments such as a new school. They will also have anxiety attacks when they move into a new house.
For a child who is just joining a day care center, the separation anxiety from their home or parent takes toll on them.
Loss of a loved one
The death of a parent to a person-whether a child or adult-should not be taken lightly. If the person was very emotionally attached to them, the child or adult will suffer from separation anxiety. They are not able to accept the fact that the person is dead, not to come back again.
Some people develop a very strong emotional attachment with their pets to the extent that they can’t imagine being separated from them or in case their pests die, they are seriously affected.
There are many stressful situations in life which trigger this condition. Without going into other specifics other than those given above, the sufferers feel that they are missing something in their lives when such a person, animal or thing is removed from them.
Being left behind
Have you left your child to attend to some matters? You guessed it right; there will be a lot of resistance from the child as you leave. When you return, you will notice that the child wants to tug along as if conscious that you want to leave them again.
This problem has its onset in children usually at the age 6 months at the earliest. It however becomes most intense when the baby turns between 10 and 18 months. This is perfectly in order as part of growing up. However, there is also a delayed onset of the same condition, which could show up in adulthood.
Whilst it is perfectly in order for a child to be clingy, you will find that that in adults, it raises more questions than answers. In fact, the problem took long to be documented as the psychiatrist could not relate the irrational behaviour in adults to anxiety. There is increasing research in this area to understand how this occurs in adults and how it could possibly be treated.
The distress could also be manifested in your pet if for instance if it does not see you and it happens to be used to seeing you on daily basis. There is a drastic change in the behaviour of the pet following the separation.
SAD is a condition can be treated or managed when it is detected early. For children, it is important to reassured them that all is well .Helping them to cope with the condition will be very helpful to the sufferers.